Barthes, R., Lavers, A. and Smith, C. (1997) Elements of semiology. 19th Ed. New York: Atlantic Books.
Elements of Semiology explains how semiology aims to take in a system of signs, to create language, at least a new sign of signification. Saussure suggests that there had already been an existence of semiology, which only makes the study a part of linguistics. He argues that science of signs belongs to linguistics while others, linguistics belongs to semiology. As Saussure proposes his logic, Barthes and Smith present elements of semiology borrowed from structural linguistics. These headings include Language and Speech, Signified and Signifier, Syntagm, and system, Denotation and Connotation. This book explores how linguistics has been reproduced to emerge from analytical concepts in to the science of signs.